Understanding MVP in 5 Minutes: The Essential Guide

In the Agile and product development landscape, the term MVP (Minimum Viable Product ) is an essential milestone. This term, which can often be confusing or misused, is an indispensable tool for any Agile professional aiming to deliver value quickly and efficiently.

So what is an MVP and how can it be used effectively in product development? This is the question we address in this article on the MVP and its place in agility.

It’s essential to start by understanding what an MVP is. Originally developed by Eric Ries in his book “Lean Startup”, the MVP is a tool designed for testing and exploring ideas, rather than simply prioritizing features. The essence of a Minimum Viable Product lies in minimizing effort while maximizing learning. It is used to generate knowledge and manage risk.

An MVP is considered “minimal” because the team has to spend as little effort as possible on it. It is “viable” in the sense that it can be tested. The aim is to test an idea with a minimum of investment. The MVP can take different forms, such as a paper prototype, an email campaign or a landing page, depending on what you’re looking to learn or validate.

MVP Minimum Viable Product 1 Understanding MVP in 5 Minutes: The Essential Guide

The importance of A/B Testing

When the MVP takes digital form, A/B testing is a highly effective way of testing a solution or feature. It’s a scientific approach to making data-driven decisions. Instead of relying on conjecture or intuition, you test two different variants – version A and version B – on a segment of your audience to see which performs better.

For example, let’s say you’re developing an MVP for a new mobile application and you’re not sure about the effectiveness of certain features. With A/B testing, you can create two variants of your Minimum Viable Product, each incorporating a different feature, and present them to two groups of users.

By comparing user engagement and feedback for each variant, you can gain valuable information that will help you decide which features should be included in the final version of your product.

In short, A/B testing allows you to minimize risk and invest your development time and resources more wisely.

MVP minimum viable product agile Understanding MVP in 5 Minutes: The Essential Guide

Examples of Minimum Viable Products

There are many famous examples of MVPs leading to successful products. One of the most notable examples is Drew Houston, founder of Dropbox. To validate his hypothesis about the need for an easy-to-use online file storage and sharing tool, he created a video explaining the concept and placed it on a landing page to collect e-mail addresses from interested parties.

It wasn’t a prototype per se, but rather an MVP designed to test whether his assumptions were correct. Once the hypotheses had been validated, he was able to proceed with the development of his product.

Defining the right MVP

Determining the right MVP for your project is a key process that can greatly influence the success of your product. Eric Ries, in his book “Lean Startup”, proposes three steps to define the Minimum Viable Product:

  1. Define the learning you want to achieve in relation to the value hypotheses. It’s a question of determining what you hope to learn from this MVP. What do you hope to discover or validate?

  2. Define the indicators and their values that will enable you to achieve this learning. These are the specific measures you will use to determine whether your assumptions were correct.

  3. Define the right product (minimum effort) to measure these indicators. This is where you define the specific aspects of your MVP – what features it will have, how it will work, and what it will look like.

These steps may seem simple, but they require careful thought and detailed planning. Keep in mind that the aim of your MVP is not to develop a perfect product, but to test your hypotheses in the most efficient and cost-effective way possible.

mvp minimum viable product Understanding MVP in 5 Minutes: The Essential Guide

Detailed Mindmap to better understand the Minimum Viable Product (MVP)

To help you better understand MVP, I’ve prepared a detailed mindmap on the subject. This mindmap serves as a visual guide, breaking down the MVP idea into smaller sub-themes with a little more detail.

In this interactive mindmap, you can click on the colored circles to open and explore the different sub-themes. I hope this will help you to understand and apply the MVP approach more effectively in your own projects.

Now, let’s take a look at this mindmap.



The MVP is a powerful tool that allows you to make mistakes while learning and investing as little as possible. It gives you greater control over your budget, and lets you test and learn quickly. Don’t forget that the MVP’s objective is to learn. The more you learn, the closer you get to creating a product that brings real value to your customers.

Remember, however, that the Minimum Viable Product is a concept with many connotations, depending on the context and the user. So it’s essential to understand what MVP means for your team and your product.

As a Scrum Master or agile coach, your role is to guide your team through this process, help clarify assumptions, and support the development, testing and learning that comes with creating an MVP.

Further information

If you found this article on the MVP useful, here are some additional resources that might deepen your knowledge of this vital agility concept.

Finally, for online reading, you might be interested in :

Each of these resources complements the ideas presented in this article and offers a broader perspective on the importance and application of MVP in agility and product development.

If you enjoyed this article, please share it with your colleagues and friends. Stay tuned for more content on agility and Lean Startup.

This post is also available in: French

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Strongly involved in Agile methodologies, I have held the roles of Scrum Master, Product Owner and Release Train Engineer for SAFe, Scrum and DevOps projects. My approach focuses on people and stakeholder collaboration, creating environments conducive to innovation and performance.

Since 2016, I have successfully led several Agile software development projects for companies of all sizes, including Odigo, Orange and PSA. My solid experience in Agile methodologies, in particular Scrum and SAFe, has enabled me to work with multicultural teams from countries such as the USA, India, Vietnam and Morocco.

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