What is a Product Backlog? Understanding your role in product management

In Agile product management, the product backlog is an essential tool for prioritizing, organizing and managing the features and tasks to be developed in a product. It keeps an overview of what needs to be done, aligns the development team’s priorities and improves communication with stakeholders.

In this article, we’ll explore in detail what a product backlog is and how to manage it in an optimized way to ensure the success of your product. We’ll look at best practices for creating, organizing, evaluating and collaborating on the Product Backlog, as well as the benefits it can offer your development team.

Whether you’re a Product Owner, Project Manager, Scrum Master or member of a development team, this comprehensive guide will help you better understand the key role of the product backlog in product management, and how to use it effectively to achieve your goals.

The product backlog is a central element of product management in the SAFe and Scrum agile frameworks. This artifact keeps track of all the features, enhancements and tasks that are planned to be developed in a product. The product backlog is often represented as a prioritized list of items, which can be stories, tasks, bugs or other work items. It serves as a reference for the development team and product stakeholders, and is continually updated and optimized throughout the product lifecycle.

scrum process backlog produit What is a Product Backlog? Understanding your role in product management

Best practices for creating an effective product backlog

Creating an effective product backlog is essential to successful product management. Here are some best practices for creating an optimized Product Backlog :

  1. Involve all stakeholders: It’s important to involve all stakeholders, including the development team, Product Owner, users, customers and other relevant stakeholders, in the creation of the product backlog. This allows us to gather different perspectives and ensure that priorities are aligned with product objectives.

  2. Use clear prioritization criteria: Defining clear prioritization criteria enables you to make informed decisions about which items to include in the product backlog, and in what order of priority. Prioritization criteria may include added value for users or customers, technical feasibility, impact on product objectives, or other relevant factors.

  3. Write clear, concise backlog elements: It’s essential to write clear, concise backlog elements to avoid ambiguity and confusion. Each backlog item must include a clear description of the desired functionality or improvement, as well as acceptance criteria to define what is considered complete.

Sprint Backlog scrum What is a Product Backlog? Understanding your role in product management
Illustration: "Product Backlog Artifact" from scrum.org

Efficiently organize and manage the product backlog

Effective organization and management of the product backlog are essential to ensure that items are processed in the right order of priority, and that development progresses smoothly. Here are some best practices for organizing and managing the Product Backlog effectively:

  1. Use backlog management tools: There are many backlog management tools available, such as Jira or Trello. Using these tools can help you organize, prioritize and track product backlog items more effectively.

  2. Divide items into Sprints: Dividing backlog items into iterations or sprints, depending on the agile development methodology used, can help manage priorities and ensure that items are developed iteratively. and incremental. This also ensures that the most important elements are addressed first, and that user feedback is taken into account for subsequent iterations.

  1. Regularly update the backlog: It’s important to regularly update the product backlog to reflect product evolutions, user feedback, new requirements and changes in priorities. This keeps the backlog up to date and ensures that the most relevant items are always at the top of the list. I invite you to read our full article on Backlog Refinement.

  2. Involve the development team in backlog management: The development team must be actively involved in managing the product backlog, contributing to the estimation of development efforts, asking questions about backlog items and making suggestions for improvement. This promotes a better understanding of requirements and ensures that the backlog is realistic and achievable from a development point of view.

backlog produit scurm safe What is a Product Backlog? Understanding your role in product management

Benefits of optimized product backlog management

Optimized product backlog management can bring many benefits to your development team and your product. Here are some of the key benefits:

  • Efficient prioritization A well-managed product backlog enables you to prioritize items based on their added value, feasibility and alignment with product objectives, enabling the development team to focus on the elements that are most important to users and customers.

  • Visibility and transparency: A clear, organized product backlog enables you to maintain complete visibility of the items awaiting development, track their progress and share this information with the product’s stakeholders. This fosterstransparency and trust, and keeps all team members informed about the status of the backlog and the decisions made.

  • Flexibility and adaptability: A well-managed product backlog enables agile adaptation to changing priorities, new requirements and user feedback. It enables informed decisions to be made on what to add, modify or remove from the backlog, based on product evolution and market needs.

  • Risk reduction: A well-managed product backlog minimizes the risks associated with product development. Ensuring that backlog items are well aligned with product objectives, clearly defined and estimated, and regularly updated, reduces the risk of developing unnecessary features, encountering quality problems or delivering late.

  • Continuous improvement: A well-managed product backlog stimulates continuous product improvement by encouraging reflection, feedback and learning. Actively involving the development team, the Product Owner and other stakeholders in backlog management encourages the emergence of new ideas, optimization opportunities and product improvements.

Example of a Scrum product backlog

In this section, we provide you with an Excel file containing an example of a Scrum product backlog for a meal delivery Web application. This downloadable Product Backlog Template is organized into Epics, divided into User Stories.

Download an Excel Product Backlog Template

Create your first product backlog with this free Excel template


Product backlog management is a crucial step in the development of a successful digital product. By following good backlog management practices, such as clear definition of objectives, effective prioritization, regular updating, effective collaboration and the quest for continuous improvement, you can optimize your development process and maximize added value for your users and customers.

Well-organized backlog management enables you to maintain visibility of items awaiting development, adapt to changing priorities and minimize risks, while promoting transparency, open communication and collaboration between development team members and product stakeholders. By applying these best practices, you can improve the quality of your product, speed up development, and achieve your objectives more efficiently.

Further information

Here is a suggestion of books available for sale that explain product backlog management in depth:

  • “Agile Product Management: The guide for elite Product Managers and Product Owners”, by Thiga: LINK HERE.
  • “Solving Product: Reveal Gaps, Ignite Growth, and Accelerate Any Tech Product with Customer Research“, by Étienne Garbugli: LINK HERE.

We also recommend that you read the official Product Backlog definitions in the following Frameworks:

This post is also available in: French

Share on :

Our latest articles :

Your Resolution for 2024: Become a Certified Agile Master

Price : 59,99€



Agile Master certification: professional excellence for life, at the most attractive price. Multiply your chances with unlimited attempts. Make the difference in a fast-changing market.

Share this article!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Other articles to read :



Strongly involved in Agile methodologies, I have held the roles of Scrum Master, Product Owner and Release Train Engineer for SAFe, Scrum and DevOps projects. My approach focuses on people and stakeholder collaboration, creating environments conducive to innovation and performance.

Since 2016, I have successfully led several Agile software development projects for companies of all sizes, including Odigo, Orange and PSA. My solid experience in Agile methodologies, in particular Scrum and SAFe, has enabled me to work with multicultural teams from countries such as the USA, India, Vietnam and Morocco.

🚀 Agile Master Certification - Special Offer 2024 for Only €59.99!

Transform your career with Agile Master Certification. A unique opportunity for agility professionals, from beginners to the most experienced.

Key benefits :

  • Lifetime validity: No renewal necessary.
  • Unlimited attempts: Retake the exam as many times as necessary.
  • 100% Online Access: Study where and when you want.
  • Professional recognition: Certificate and OpenBadge digital badge, shareable on LinkedIn.
  • Teaching resources: More than 25 revision sheets and other aids.

Transform Your Career Today!